Rentals Info & Forms

First impressions count.  At Zimbali the overwhelming vista is one of natural beauty, ecological richness and biological diversity. The luxuriance of this reserve is reflected in its eight different vegetation types ranging from pioneer dune vegetation through to towering dune forest. All this provides a secure home to no fewer than 34 mammals and 220 bird species as well as countless butterflies and insects – all of which are vital to the sustainability of these sensitive ecosystems.

Zimbali as a coastal estate prides itself in being home to a healthy bushbuck population. These antelope roam throughout the Estate and provide pleasure to Members and visitors alike. The management programme of these mammals is monitored by the Zimbali Estate Environmental Management Committee and the relocation of existing bushbuck and also the introduction of new blood into the Estate is an ongoing exercise. Due to the absence of predators, the numbers of the bushbuck must be managed to avoid overgrazing and inter breeding. See Page 116 of the Zimbali Fauna Book. The bushbuck is one of the most widely distributed antelopes in KwaZulu-Natal.
In this article, information is presented which may lead to a better understanding of the biology of the bushbuck and perhaps impart some ideas on management.

Diet and Habitat Preferences

Bushbuck eat mainly leaves and soft stems or shoots from trees, shrubs and forbs(small broad leafed plants), while ferns, flowers, fruits, fungi and grass are minor items in the diet. On farms they will also feed on lucerne, oats, or ryegrass, provided that they are fairly near to the bushbuck daytime retreats. See 112 Plants for you and your Bushbuck. A Zimbali publication to help homeowners use plants that are suitable for these animals to browse on.
The most favoured habitats are indigenous forest, thickets or riverine wooded areas, where dense vegetation provides cover. When feeding, bushbuck move to more open localities, such as the forest margins or the edges of clearings, where there is sufficient food plants at the correct height.

Social Organisation and Area Requirements

Solitary animals are most commonly seen. On the few occasions that one sees more than one bushbuck, it is usually a female with her young, which remains in contact with the mother until the age of about eight months. Bushbuck are not territorial, therefore their ranges overlap those of other bushbuck. A dominance hierarchy appears to operate, with the strongest adults breeding and having access to the most suitable areas.
In unhunted populations, the numbers of adult males and females are equal, but where males only have been shot, females predominate.
On average, bushbuck density 1/20 ha (or 5/100ha). In ideal habitat, where there is plenty of dense cover, and year-round supply of nutritious food at the correct height from browsing, they occur at 1/8ha (i.e. 12/100ha). Under exceptionally good conditions, the densities may be higher. At Zimbali the density is at about 1Bushbuck to 1 hectare of suitable habitat. Zimbali Estate Management Association (ZEMA) is removing Bushbuck from the Estate to reach the density of 1 Bushbuck/ 3 hectares of suitable habitat.

Reproduction and Development

Males are sexually mature at 11 months, but are prevented from mating by the older, larger, more dominant males. Horns first appear at 14 months, they equal ear length at 21 months, and are 1,5 x ear length at 30 months when the colour change is usually complete. Bushbuck males, which have a mean mass of 63kg, grow throughout their expected lifespan of 13 years. Generally, the older the animal, the longer its’ horns, but trophy horns (longer than 380mm) have been recorded in 7 to 10 year olds.
Females, which reach their mean maximum weight of 36kg at 3 years, usually have their first young at two years, after a gestation of 6 weeks after giving birth; therefore it is possible to have an infant every 8 months. The reproduction rate will, however, depend on bushbuck populations’ density and the year round food supply.
In most parts of KwaZulu-Natal stored fat reserves are highest at the end of Summer when the bushbuck reach a peak condition and are lowest at the end of Winter or early Spring.


Although widespread in KwaZulu-Natal, there are some threats to bushbuck; the most important of which are loss of habitat and habitat changes.
Much indigenous bush has been cleared for the planting of crops and housing developments. Numerous forest patches all over KwaZulu-Natal are shrinking, owing to the practice of burning grassveld right up to the forest. Indigenous forest patches have also suffered from the planting of commercial timber right up to them, therefore reducing or removing the forest margin, and from felled commercial timber falling into the forest.
Poachers that actively hunt or set snares for bushbuck, and uncontrolled dogs have serious effects on numbers. A biological problem that has manifested itself is the introduction of Nyala to farms on which bushbuck occur and where Nyala did not formerly occur. The Nyala, which belongs to the same family as the bushbuck, is a larger animal. It too lives by browsing, but being larger than the bushbuck requires more food and can reach browse, which the bushbuck cannot. If the introduced Nyala do well in an area, their numbers increase rapidly and the bushbuck numbers decline, sometimes to levels of local extinction. The Nyala threat is not applicable at Zimbali.


Management may be aimed at building up a bushbuck population, which can generally be achieved by habitat improvement and protection. The important requirements for bushbuck are suitable cover, the right type of food. Once the population has reached the maximum for the area one can consider another aspect of management, namely that of using the surplus.
Special care should be taken of all patches or indigenous bush and forest – no matter how small the patch. To prevent these patches from shrinking, ensure that veld fires do not burn right up to them, as each time this happens, the forest recedes a little. Not really applicable to Zimbali where the Bushbuck are not hunted and the habitat is managed by ZEMA.

Current Legal Status

(regulations for the new conservation act still have to be promulgated)
In KwaZulu-Natal, by request of our hunters and landowners, the female bushbuck is classified as “protected game” and may only be shot on a permit issued to the landowner. The male is “ordinary game” and may be shot by anybody in possession of a hunting license, who has the landowner’s permission, during the hunting season. Landowners who wish to remove females for management purposes should contact the KwaZulu-Natal Nature Conservation Service. A permit is issued free of charge after consultation with the District Conservation Officer in the area.

Siyabonga Tours were appointed to run a Shuttle Service on the Estate in order to transport Domestic
staff to and from their place of employment, in order to ensure that Domestic’s arrive and depart their
places of employment as required.  This service ensures that Domestics do not have to transverse the
Estate when either entering or departing the Estate.

In case of any emergency or access problems including booms or access devices, please contact the Zimbali Control Room on +27 (0)32 538-4200 or +27 (0)76 336-3713.


Members are encouraged to take part in Zimbali’s recycling program. Members may collect their initial recycling bags (free of charge) from the Zimbali Estate office. Once filled, place the clear recycling bags inside the green ‘OTTO’ wheelie bin, on the verge, by 7am on Wednesday morning and you will receive a replacement bag.

Glass containers such as bottles and jars should be cleaned and any tops or corks removed before recycling. The recyclable glass must be delivered to the skip at the Maintenance Workshop at the West (Contractors’) Gate. No vehicle windscreens or glass windows please.

Should you have any queries or should you require any additional information pertaining to Zimbali’s recycling program, please feel free to contact Zimbali Estate’s Operations & Environmental Manager, Justin Taylor, on 032 538-4300 or



Durban and the North Coast offer many attractions and parents have the option to assist their younger family members to get to such locations, as they would do in any city.

In Durban, there is the Dolphinarium and Oceanarium complex, the Snake Park, Minitown and the Umgeni Bird Park – all are educational and very well worth a visit. There are tours around the Harbour, the Sugar terminal and deep-sea fishing trips are available. In Umhlanga, there is the Sharks Board, the town centre with cafes, and lots to see and do.

The Gateway Theatre of Shopping is located less than 20 minutes from Zimbali Estate. It is one of the largest enclosed shopping centres in South Africa and provides you with a safe one stop shopping and entertainment experience. From international brands, boutiques, restaurants, coffee shops, clothing stores, an IMAX theatre and double standing wave!

Closer to home, there is Flag Farm Animal Farm, Crocodile Valley and Shakaland on the North Coast. Microlight flights for the more adventurous. Golf is available at Umhlali Country Club where carts are not necessary, and there is an Arts & Crafts Market close to Umhlali town. The Umfolozi/Hluhluwe Game Reserve and the Midlands Meander are only 2 hours from Ballito – perfect for a family day trip.

Many of our younger family members are accustomed to the restrictions of city and urban life during the year and we thought it would be a good idea to identify some of the local facilities available to them.

Within the Zimbali area, the youngsters have the freedom to roam around our ‘safe’ and beautifully tranquil Estate, which offers an un-paralleled eco-system and a healthy natural environment. This lifestyle does not require any parental guidance or assistance.

There is tennis, cycling, walking, jogging, searching for buck or bird/butterfly watching. The Estate has many nature trails to explore and there is an abundance of flora and fauna to be found on the Estate. Golf can be played with a qualified driver for the golf cart or there is the driving range.

There is the beach node with a 1000 m² swimming pool complex, a kiosk where they can meet friends and have a snack meal and a 3km pristine beach with dune vegetation and aquatic interests along its length. Here is an opportunity to fish or collect shells or a group of youngsters can take a ball and have their own game of beach cricket, football or volleyball. Even a beach walk to Ballito along our beautiful coastline is a pleasurable and rewarding experience.

There is also the golf cart path to Ballito via the north gate provided for all families to access the town without having to go by car. This is a lovely walk and there are a variety of interests including shops, cafes, clubs, a library, a gym, swimming beaches, rocks and fishing. (Remember though, drivers need to be in possession of a valid drivers license to drive a golf cart in Zimbali)

Take a walk along the Boardwalk from Zimbali to Willards Beach with the opportunity to spot a school of dolphins along the way. Willards Beach is the fun place to be at holiday times with music, youth competitions etc – there is always something happening there! How about some surfing or body boarding at Salmon Bay or some snorkeling around the rocks? Fishing is available and equipment can be hired. How about some kite flying? Dolphin watching boat trips are also available from Salmon Bay.

Alternatively, have friends to the home for snooker/pool/table tennis, a board game, darts, a swim, and some music or TV/Computer games. Make a little competition between your friends! Then there is always DSTV or that favourite book you have been meaning to read all year.

Many residents take the opportunity to take a drive around the Estate early in the morning or late in the afternoon to see what game they can spot.
From a golf cart, you also get the opportunity to see some parts of the Estate inaccessible by car, and what a lovely leisurely way to travel!

Some residents have expressed an interest in playing bridge. Please contact Françoise Hue at (032) 538 1949 for more details. She is willing to organise bridge on a casual basis – games to be held at various suitable venues to be decided between the parties concerned.

There are a number of book clubs at Zimbali Estate, where members meet regularly to discuss the books they have read, to spend a very pleasant evening socialising together and it’s the ideal way to reconnect with old friends and meet new people on the estate.

Bookworms interested in joining an existing book club or even forming a new one, please call Geraldine Van Niekerk on +27 (0)82 4425581.

Probably one of the most popular spots in Zimbali is the magnificent Valley of the Pools where residents and visitors swim, soak in the sun and watch the beautiful waves rolling in towards them.

The VOP Restaurant offers light meals in a tranquil setting on the wooden decks, overlooking the sea and the lakes. It is the perfect setting for meeting family and friends over breakfast, lunch or sundowners.

Definition of a “Private Function”

Any activity of more than 10 people which seeks to preclude Members of the Association and/or their guests other than those specifically invited by the organiser of the function for an agreed period of time, from using a designated public area.

Rules and Procedures for Private Functions

The ZEMA Estate rules will be observed at all times, particularly with regard to those under the headings of “General Open Space Rules” and ”Use of Public Areas”. For any private function, a ZEMA application form, must be completed and forwarded to at least 7 days prior to the event. A full guest list must be submitted with the function form. The General Manager will take cognisance of all prevailing conditions and circumstances when considering each request and before authorising the application.

Click here to download the relevant form.

Members may elect to pay their levies and any other accounts with ZEMA via debit order,  Members are assured that the amount of the order is fully under the control of ZEMA and not the banking institutions.  Please address any queries to the ZEMA offices for the attention of

Click here to download the relevant form.

All photographic shoots on common property must be approved on merit.  All such shoots are to be referred and motivated to the ZEMA General Manager for consideration and approval.

The general rule is that no photographic shoots for gain may be approved and all applications for shoots of the common property must be submitted in writing.

No shoots may take place without prior authorisation.

This does not affect any photo shoot on a Member’s own private property where ZEMA only need to be informed to organize access.

No photographic shoots are permitted unless in the interest of Zimbali and written permission and authorisation must first be given by the ZEMA General Manager.

A requisition form to this effect needs to be completed and sent to the ZEMA offices for approval.  For assistance, please contact

Click here to download the permission form.

Member’s access devices need to be applied for and purchased through the ZEMA Access Control office.  Access discs/remotes are issued to individual Members.  Each access device has a unique number and is registered against the users’ identity number.  A maximum of four access discs/remotes may be issued to the owner.
In the case where the owner owns more than one property, the maximum number of discs may not be increased and remains at a maximum of four.  Where the owner is not in residence, and has only purchased land, the owner will be issued with one access device and where building is in progress, but not complete, 2 access devices will be issued.
The individual Member is the only authorised user of the access device.  This access device may not be used by a third party and abuse may lead to fines being imposed.

For further assistance regarding Members access devices, please contact

Click here to download the relevant form.

The responsible Owner may make special application to ZEMA’s office, for two Member’s Guest Cards, to be used for guests legitimately staying with Owners / Residents for a limited period.

Once these discs have been purchased from the Access Control office, a Member’s Guest Notification form will need to be completed and submitted to the ZEMA Welcome Centre for processing.

Should you require further assistance in this regard, please contact

Click here to download the relevant form.

Rentals can only be arranged through the ZEMA accredited agents.  Owners who rent out either privately, through the services of the rental division at Zimbali, or through a rental agent, need to complete the ‘ZEMA Property Rental Application Form” for rentals.  Following this a ‘ZEMA Rental Notification’ form must be completed for each rental period.
These forms are available from the ZEMA offices and a rental administration fee, which is subject to change from time to time, is charged for each rental by ZEMA.  Access shall not be granted to any guest should the relevant forms not be completed or the fees not paid to ZEMA.

A map of the Estate is issued to all guests on arrival at the ZEMA Welcome Centre, for their convenience. Click here to download the ZEMA Welcome Centre Map.

For further details or assistance with regards to rentals at Zimbali Estate, please contact or

Click here to download the ZEMA Property Rental Application form.
Click here to download the ZEMA Rental Notification form.

All domestic workers are to be registered with ZEMA.  Domestic workers will be registered in two categories: “permanent” (i.e. live in) and “contracted” (i.e. live out).  Permanent domestic workers are to be restricted to access through the Contractors Gate only for better control.

For further information regarding the registration of Domestic workers, please contact

Click here to download the relevant form.

In attempt to further enhance the safety of Zimbali Residents and their belongings, all Residents are requested to follow the below procedures when allowing their employees (such as housekeepers, gardeners, etc) to remove an item from the Estate:

Procedure for the removal of goods (non-food items) only:
1. Contact our 24hr Control Room on (032) 538-4200 to obtain a security reference number.
2. Complete the Authorisation for an Employee to Remove Goods from the Estate form.
3. Upon the employee’s exit, ZEMA Security will verify the reference number to ensure its authenticity.
4. All employees will be searched on exiting the Estate and checks will be conducted with regards to all items leaving the Estate.
5. The form will be filed for future reference.

Click here to download the relevant form.

Procedure for the removal of “food” items only:
1. Contact our 24hr Control Room on (032) 538-4200 to obtain a Once-off Blanket Reference Number for “Food”. This reference number will be applicable ONLY for “food” items issued to the Employee and is to be used thereafter on every “food” authorisation form completed by the Resident.
2. Complete the Authorisation for an Employee to Remove FOOD from the Estate form. The Resident is required to draw a line through the spacing that is not used to fill in food items listed, thereby preventing the employee from attempting to fraudulently add any food items to the list.

If any goods other than food are listed on a “Food” Authorisation Form upon exit by the employee, the form will not be deemed as valid and therefore not be accepted by ZEMA Security. The items in the employee’s possession will be confiscated, and the Employer (Member/Resident) will be contacted immediately by the security personnel to advise them of the attempted breach.

Click here to download the relevant form.

‘Monkey manners’ does not refer to the bad manners of monkeys, but rather a set of behaviours or actions to be learned by yourself and your friends and family, so that you will remain safe from these mischievous relatives of mankind. This informative article will assist you in ‘minding your monkey manners’, so that you will not act in ways that make monkeys mean. Monkey problems do not exist because monkeys are mean, but because humans have been short- sighted. Humans have not managed other humans, forests and wildlife in such a way that there is enough space for all.

Click here to read about our monkey rules.

The Estate has positioned itself to use the local coastal vegetation as it’s landscaping theme. There are two primary reasons:
• The first being to enable the natural inhabitants of the Coastal Resort, like the Bushbuck, Common and Blue Duiker being the three most visible manifestations of this wildlife, to sustain themselves in the remnant patches of cover remaining after development.
• The second reason is to make the human habitat as attractive for humans as it is for the local wildlife. To this end Zimbali has achieved this goal in that landscapers and owners “complain” that their garden plants are browsed and in some case over browsed.

By using Bushbuck Fodder plants and other productive plant species used by all forms of wildlife including the human residents of the new western sections will contribute to the conservation efforts of the whole Resort.
On the new western precincts of the Estate there are less open space reservations as were present on the eastern side. With this in mind it is important that residents plant up their whole property not just the footprint area as was the case on the eastern side.
Again residents and their landscapers are encouraged to make use of the ZEMA professional environmental team to obtain the necessary advice as to which plants are best suited to the particular site conditions.
ZEMA also would like to encourage residents to use appropriate plants so that tall trees do not block the views of the ocean in 10 years from the planting date. Rather use the productive shrubs that will give the privacy that you need, the cover and shelter the wildlife need but plus not create more work and expense when pruning needs to be thought about.

Click here to download the Garden Maintenance Article.

This document is written in an attempt to remind owners and maintenance contractors of the need to enhance habitat value in your own gardens and those that contractors maintain on behalf of the owners.
On the original section of Zimbali the homes were built within the existing forest and many of the sea views were “blocked” by vegetation and ZEMA has a policy of opening port holes through the vegetation to allow for partial views of the ocean beyond.
There is a clear policy now for the trimming and pruning of tree and shrub branches touching buildings. The policy for opening “windows” for creating sea views is also in place.
Contractors and owners have generally adhered to the rules regarding pruning of vegetation around their houses and also pruning for views.
What ZEMA now would like to do is encourage owners to redirect the maintenance effort of their small gardens to a level that allows wildlife to have the best habitat that humans can provide without impinging unnecessarily on the human habitat.
Remember that if you buy at Zimbali you know before you sign your purchase agreement that this is a forest resort and that dense vegetation is part of what a forest is and that this vegetation gives you the privacy that you require and even demand from your other human neighbours.

Architects, Estate Agents and Landscape Contractors that work on the Estate need to know what the procedure is for opening sea views from forested sites and the types of plants that are suitable for the particular gardening requirements at Zimbali.

To this end ZEMA would like to ask that no raking of leaves be carried out on the planted sections of garden beds. It is not necessary to rake the soul out of the soil. The leaf “litter” is the compost that gets drawn into the soil by woodlice, earthworms and termites that then break down the leaves into the basic elements that are the nutrients that the plants need to grow. This vegetation in turn feeds and shelters the various animals on the Estate.
You really only have to sweep or rake the sealed surfaces like pathways, decks and driveways. The leaves swept up here should then be scattered on the surface of the soil under shrubs and trees on your property. The added leaf layer of mulch acts as blotting paper to prevent water runoff and the subsequent soil erosion. This is especially noticeable on the steeper sites at Zimbali.

In fact this layer of leaves is your natural compost heap. Instead of piling the leaves in a conventional heap, or worse still, placing the leaves into black plastic bags for removal to a municipal landfill site. This organic matter stays on your property and becomes nutrients for the plants and soil. ZEMA has a wood chipping operation on the Estate where suitable trimmings of branches are chipped and these chips along with leaves swept up along paths are returned to the verges within the Estate. Even the leaves blown by the motorised blowers are blown back into the undergrowth along the road verges. This natural composting process saves ZEMA many thousands of Rands annually because ZEMA does not have to purchase as much commercially produced pine bark based compost.

These wood chips along with soil berms on the steeper sites help with the stormwater control on the various private and public sites. The berms physically slow the water and the organic matter in the form of chips helps to loosen the soil and allow for a faster infiltration of runoff water into a sandy soils. This surface stormwater control system has been in operation throughout Zimbali from the very beginning. Only certain very steep sites have underground piped stormwater controls.

An invisible advantage to all this leaf litter and wood chippings is that the soil fungi that are essential for healthy forest plant growth are able to live and absorb, as well as release, nutrients into the soil thus making these nutrients more readily available to the plants via their roots. These chippings are a natural inoculum for the soil especially in new gardens that are being installed on the depauperate soils of the abandoned canefields. Finally with the added fungal activity there are more termites and other subsurface organisms that feed the localised and increasingly rare Giant Legless Lizard.

A combination of compost mixed with wood chippings from the site and granular fertiliser on the Berea Red soils of Zimbali is a must. Especially on the new gardens that are being installed. The recommended rate of application for the Zimbali soils is 50grams/m2 of 5:1:5 (28) or 2:3:2 (22). We would also recommend an application of Dolomitic Lime at 150grams/m2 on all new garden installations. For optimal plant growth it is recommended that fertiliser and compost be added twice a year in early spring around August and then in mid summer during December to gardens in high sunlight areas for the first 3 growing seasons after planting the rate here would be 30grams/m2 of 5:1:5 (28) or 2:3:2 (22). For lawn areas this application is done at the same frequency as above but for the life of the lawn.

During the winter months let the garden rest and no fertilising or excessive watering need be done at all.
It is not necessary to disturb the soil by digging it over if the leaves are left in place. The digging damages the surface roots of your plants and also weakens the plants.
Only dig the soil to remove weeds. Many of the so-called “weeds” in these natural plantings are actually local plants that are food plants for the various types of wildlife.

As far as the density of plants/m2 is concerned ZEMA requires that groundcovers be planted at 10 plants/ m2. On steeper slopes or embankments a density of 15 plants/m2 is recommended. Larger plants in 1 to 3 litre packets is also recommended over the use of rooted cuttings known as “plugs” the larger plants have more established root systems and more vegetative growth to establish more quickly and be more resilient to Bushbuck browsing.
Shrubs are planted at 1shrub/m2 as a minimum specification on any site.
Trees are planted when the space between buildings allows for the use of large trees.

Do not plant trees over services like sewer lines, water, telephone or electricity mains cables, stay away from soak pits and do not plant trees under the eaves of buildings.
Remember also to cater for future views out of the property its pointless planting a tree that will have to be pruned after five or ten years growth. Rather use a shrub in this position.

The numbers of plants to be used per unit area are only a guide and a minimum standard.

Rather use plants that will feed Bushbuck and maintain the forest understorey feel that is beginning to recover since the removal of a number of Bushbuck.

Even though these two plants, Dietes grandiflora and Tulbaghia violacea are indigenous they have very little habitat value other than visual appeal to humans. A third plant that has been over planted due to its unpalatability is Senecio brachypodus. It would be an idea not to use any more of these plants in the non-footprint areas now that the Bushbuck numbers are being reduced.

The invasive plant species that are beginning to be problematic in that they are taking up space that could be growing habitat but more seriously they are invasive and are now escaping at Zimbali:

English Name Latin Name
Goosefoot or Arrowhead Plant Syngonium Podophyllum
Artillery Plant Pilea Microphylla
Creeping Charlie Pilea Nummularifolia Sedum sp.
Mondo Grass Ophiopogon Japonicus and all its varieties
Flax Lily Dianella Tasmanica Cultivar Variegata/Dianella Tasmanica
Lily Turf/Lilyturf/Monkey Grass Liriope Muscari
Sword Fern Nephrolepis Exaltata
Bromeliads various species
Striped Inch Plant Tradescantia Fluminensis
Green Inch Plant Tradescantia Zebrina
Inch Plant Callisia Elegans


Aeollanthus Parvifolius – sun
Aeollanthus Rehmannii – sun
Aerva Parviflora – sun or shade
Aneilema Aequinoctiale – shade
Aneilema Dregeanum – shade
Anthericum Saundersiae – sun or shade
Arctotheca Prostrata – sun
Asparagus Densiflorus – sun
Asparagus Falcatus – sun or shade
Asparagus Plumosus
Asparagus Setaceus – sun or shade
Asparagus Virgatus – sun
Asystasia Gangetica – sun or shade
Barleria Elegans – sun
Barleria Gueinzii – sun
Barleria Obtusa – sun
Barleria Prionitis – sun
Barleria Repens – sun
Celosia Trigyna – sun or shade
Chlorophytum Bowkeri – shade
Chlorophytum Comosum – shade
Chlorophytum Comosum Variegatum – shade
Chlorophytum Comosum Variegatum – reverse shade
Chlorophytum Krookianum – sun or shade
Chrysanthemoides Monilifera – sun
Cineraria Atriplicifolia – sun
Coleotrype Natalensis – shade
Crocosmia Aurea – sun or shade
Cyathula Uncinulata – sun
Deinbollia Oblongifolia – sun
Delosperma Cooperi – sun
Delosperma Rogersii – sun
Dicliptera Clinopodia – shade
Dicliptera Heterostegia – shade
Dimorphotheca Fruticosa – sun
Dracaena Aletriformis – shade
Drimiopsis Maculata – shade
Droguetia Iners – shade
Dyschoriste Depressa – sun
Dyschoriste Rogersii – sun
Helichrysum Cymosum – sun
Helichrysum Panduratum – sun
Helichrysum Populifolium -sun or shade
Hibiscus Pedunculatus 
Hoslundia Opposita – sun
Hypoestes Aristata – sun
Hypoestes Forskaolii – shade
Ipomoea Pes-Capre – sun
Isoglossa Cooperi – shade
Isoglossa Woodii – shade
Justicia Betonica – sun
Justicia Campylostemon – shade
Justicia Capensis – sun or shade
Justicia Flava – sun
Justicia Petiolaris – shade
Justicia Protracta – sun
Laportea Peduncularis – shade
Leonotis Dubia – sun or shade
Leonotis Intermedia – sun
Leonotis Leonurus – sun
Leucas Lavandulifolia – sun
Metarungia Pubinervia – shade
Microglossa Mespilifolia – sun
Microsorium Punctatum – shade
Microsorium Scolopendrium – shade
Ocimum Reclinatum – sun
Oplismenus Hirtellus – shade
Orthosiphon Labiatus – sun
Pelargonium Capitatum – sun
Peristrophe Cernua – sun
Phaulopsis Imbricata – sun
Plectranthus Ciliatus – shade
Plectranthus Ecklonii three varieties purple, pink and white shade
Plectranthus Fruticosus – shade
Plectranthus Hereroensis – sun or shade
Plectranthus Lucidus – shade
Plectranthus Madagascariensis – shade
Plectranthus Madagascariensis var. “Lynne” – shade
Plectranthus madagascariensis var. “Green variegation” – shade
Plectranthus Petiolaris – shade
Plectranthus Purpuratus subsp. Tongaensis – shade
Plectranthus Saccatus subsp. Saccatus – shade
Plectranthus Verticillatus – shade
 Plectranthus Zuluensis – shade
Polygala Virgata – sun
Pouzolzia Mixta – sun
Pseudechinolaena Polystachya – sun or shade
Pseuderanthemum Hildebrandtii – sun or shade
Pseuderanthemum Subviscosum – sun or shade
Pupalia Atropurpurea – sun or shade
Pupalia Lappacea – sun
Rhinacanthus Gracilis: two colour forms white and purple – shade
Ruellia Cordata – sun
Selaginella Kraussiana – shade
Setaria Megaphylla – sun
Stenochlaena Tenuifolia – shade
Tectaria Gemmifera – shade

There is also a need to select the most suitable plants for either sun, semi-shade and shade. Plus plants that will live under leaves where less rainfall and dew falls on the plants allowing pests like mealy bug to infest the plants.

Use the Stafix Electric Fencing System which consists of an energiser that is operated on two torch batteries with the polywire, stakes and insulators the whole system to protect a garden from browsing Bushbuck till the plants are established costs about R3 000,00. This system works well for the first 3-6 months, once the plants are established then the wire can be removed allowing the animals to browse without killing the plants.

This is another gardening task that humans undertake in an effort to create a clean and tidy look but unless done skilfully this edging gives the gardens a worn and overworked feel. It tends to be done when house servants, contractors and their staff have a need to be seen to have “done something, anything”. It is fine to trim a clean crisp narrow line along the edge between a flowerbed and a lawn but it is another thing to dig a trench 200mm wide on the edge of the same area. Use a pair of sheep shears or a clipper or strimmer not a garden spade. Rather have the lawn crisply cut without an edge and redirect the effort into mulching and dead heading plants.
Don’t rake the leaves out of planted areas leave this mulch of leaf litter in place.

ZEMA would like to discourage the use of concrete imitation cobblestone edging to areas of lawn. This is not in keeping with the architectural language of the Estate.

Use this resource sparingly by planting local plants and using micro nozzles or even drip irrigation in the domestic and hotel gardens to reduce water use. The Golf Course, to remain at its current standard, needs to have the irrigation system that already exists but follow the industry trends and reduce where they can when new technologies are introduced. This water is drawn from the streams that run through the Estate.

Frankly residential gardens should not be irrigated via automatic systems at all. The plants and the soil conditions should be such that the plants do not need constant watering once the garden has been established.

All homes should be fitted with large rainwater tanks (20 000litres as a minimum) and these tanks should be connected to the irrigation system for each garden. These tanks could also be used as emergency domestic water but again this is an additional cost that owners might not want to incur. As far as I am aware there are only a handful of these tanks that have been installed in Zimbali.

Think about water harvesting and storage of stormwater runoff for irrigation and even the dual economic flushing systems for toilets.
Make water wise gardening a way of life with residents, golf course and hotel. This all helps the concentrated environment of humans on the Estate. Using less potable water for keeping plants alive is a plus and it has an economic value to the shareholders.

Because of the mix of uses on the Estate there are places that are common ground that have a domestic small scale feel to the plantings. Then on the other end of the scale are domestic gardens trying to become larger scale than suite the conditions. For example beds of single species are best used for visual effect around the hotel and road entrances but “detailed many species plantings” are better suited to the residential gardens where more attention to detail and care can be given by the resident and the garden maintenance team.

What I call the more visible “visitor” gardens like at car parking areas, reception area to a hotel and other high human use areas need to be simplified with a set of suitable plants that suit the adjoining area. Tough plants at a car park because humans always like taking short cuts to get to where they are going, means plants that can take some trampling plus make paths for the humans to use rather than pushing through a plant bed.
The domestic plantings tend to be a simple palette that has very little soul due to the use of the same 10-20 species. This was the general situation at Zimbali where owners and their landscape contractors tended to use species that the Bushbuck do not browse. This causes a knock on effect due to more homes being built the potential habitat decreases so forcing the same number of antelope to feed on less plant material but with less palatable species being planted the buck have less choice and now the animals are really hammering the vegetation to the point where animals are being removing to reduce the population density.

Due to this trend ZEMA has now instituted a policy that 75 species of plants must be planted as a minimum “yard stick” number of species used for any new garden design.

At Zimbali Estate ours is a gentle style of management taken from Nature’s example:

We fit into the environment: the environment does not fit into us.

The Resort is located in one of South Africa’s prime coastal Nature Reserves where life is tranquil and definitely not in the fast lane! In fact, traffic within its borders is limited to 25 kms per hour to maintain the tranquillity and ensure the safety of our owners, our guests, our animals and our birds.

The breathtaking natural beauty of sub-tropical Zimbali reaches into the heartland of KwaZulu-Natal from an unspoiled, 3.5km stretch of rugged coastline.

A bird’s eye view of the 456 hectare Estate sweeps inland from the secluded beach and sand dunes, along the floor of the Zimbali Valley, across dense indigenous forests, the crystal clear waters of natural springs and a sparkling lake, over the 18 hole world class golf course, and beyond … the rolling greenery of fields and hills, and the lush richness of sugar cane plantations.

This unique estate, which incorporates one of the three remaining coastal forests in KwaZulu-Natal, harbours a wealth of natural water and is rich in plant life and bird and animal wildlife.

The Zimbali Estate is arguably one of the most picturesque residential Estates in South Africa, affording a unique and secure high quality living environment that preserves and enhances the existing natural eco-system of the area.

The Capital Zimbali provides world-class facilities and cuisine and a tempting retreat in an unspoilt sanctuary for discerning guests the world over and the Zimbali Country Club provides members with a sports and social club. The iconic Valley of the Pools provides a unique ocean-side swimming experience mixed with a top quality restaurant for all food connoisseurs to enjoy.

An electrified perimeter fence securely bounds the entire Zimbali Estate. The fence line is regularly patrolled and is monitored 24/7 by a central Control Room.

The Residential Estate, the Capital Zimbali and the Zimbali Country Club provide residents with a wide range of facilities suited to a broad age spectrum – a relaxed and tranquil quality of life and a resort of international standing.

There are specific ZEMA guidelines pertaining to Fractional Ownership at Zimbali.  These guidelines are clarified in a document entitled the “Standard Conditions for Implementation of a Fractional Ownership Scheme at Zimbali”.  This document sets out the requirements for setting up, approval and implementation of a fractional ownership scheme in Zimbali.  It also sets out the minimum requirements for obtaining the consent of ZEMA in order to make use of a property for the purpose of a fractional scheme.

All applications must be submitted on an application form approved by ZEMA from time to time, and must be signed by the applicant, or its duly authorised representative.

For more information regarding Fractional Ownership at Zimbali, please contact Bonny Levin, ZEMA Welcome Centre & Member Liaison Manager at

Click here to download the Standard Conditions for Implementation of a Fractional Ownership Scheme at Zimbali.
Click here to download the Fractional Ownership Application Form.

One of the primary reasons for owners purchasing within Zimbali is the safety and security offered by the Estate. Within the Estate, there is a full time Security Manager who controls diplomatic-level security with unobtrusive systems and checkpoints, allowing owners and residents the freedom to live ‘outwards’ without ‘inwards’ security restrictions. An electrified security fence protects the entire Estate with access points controlled through guarded gates.

The Estate residential areas and the Zimbali Lodge and Country Club are covered by a contract between a security company (guarding and electronic), and the Management Association. A security committee oversees the overall operation of this service.

The Estate is proud of its security arrangements, guarded access gates, electrical fences, close circuit television and patrol guards. Electronically coded remote access discs allow controlled movement for residential members and their guests through the gates and booms.

CanCom ID Tech scanning devices are at every entrance to the Estate and all valid driver’s licenses and motor vehicle licenses have to be electronically scanned before entrance is permitted into the Estate.

Contact – Jacques Jansen van Rensburg Security Manager can be reached
at +27 (0)32 538-4226 and in an emergency at +27 (0)32 538-4226

ENFORCE provides the guarding at Zimbali Estate.

Inspectors and security officers are constantly circulating the Estate on foot, using patrol vehicles. In order to upgrade existing equipment and to provide new installations to increase the effectiveness of the existing rigorous security systems.

The main vehicle/pedestrian access control points are manned on a 24-hour basis. This includes the Coastal Forest Estate entrance south of the Estate, the Main gate on the Western side and Northern gate at the Beach Estate. All visitors, Lodge guests, golfers, contractors and some owners enter the Estate via the Main gate. The Coastal Forest and Beach Estate gates are primarily reserved for the residents and their personal guests.